Ummidia – Trap-Door Spider

Ummidia is a genus of spiders that can be found around the world. Among other genus, they are commonly called trapdoor spiders because they build underground tunnels that are secured with a trap-door.

Ummidia Spider Description

The color of Ummidia spiders ranges from very dark brown to a lighter reddish brown. Their cephalothorax is shiny and hard while their abdomen is usually brighter and hairy. They are fast runners and have two large fangs to catch prey. For humans, their bites aren’t usually dangerous. Ummidia spiders are often confused with the medically significant Australian funnel web spider that is native to, as the name suggests, Australia. So if you come across what appears to be a funnel web spider in the U.S., you are almost certainly looking at a non-aggressive and non-threatening ummidia trap-door spider.

Ummidia trapdoor spider
A Cork-Lid Trapdoor Spider found in Hernando, Mississippi. Photo by Alicia


On average, an Ummidia spider reaches a body size of around 1 inch. However, some specimen can grow up to a size of 1.6 inches.

Ummidia trapdoor spider North America
A trap-door spider seen by Kelly in Arkansas


As mentioned above, trapdoor spiders do not create a web like other spiders. They build underground tunnels and secure the entrance to it with a door that can be closed with a hinge. The trapdoor is made of the spider’s silk material.

Trapdoor spider nest
The open entrance of a trapdoor spider’s nest. Photo: Flickr


Trapdoor spiders are not aggressive spiders and usually run away into the underground before any human can get close to them. In the rare cases in which a bite occurs, they are only mildly painful and not dangerous.

Ummidia scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
  • Family: Halonoproctidae
  • Genus: Ummidia

Ummidia Distribution in the US

Ummidia trap door spiders range USA

There are several species of Ummidia that can be found throughout the entire world. Therefore, Ummidia trap-door spiders can be found in every US state: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Ummidia – Trap-Door Spider

24 thoughts on “Ummidia – Trap-Door Spider

  1. Black, body approx. .5 inch in size. Hair on legs and abdomen but shiny on other part of body. Found in Spokane WA near a landscaped rock wall in May.

    1. Hi Amanda,
      Thank you for the photo. This is some type of trapdoor spider (family Halonoproctidae). There are a lot of species that have a very similar appearance so an exact identification is only possibly under the microscope.
      It is definitely not medically significant. You can find some more information about the on this overview about trapdoor spiders here:

  2. Medium size black spider. Shiny. Not hairy. Not a jumping spider. Found In my backyard in Chesterfield Virginia.

  3. I assume this guy is a trapdoor spider. However not like others I have found around the house here in Oklahoma. Trapdoor spiders I am used too finding have a charcoal colored rear. Any thoughts?

    1. Hello Billy, yes, the image was uploaded successfully! Sometimes it takes some time to actually show up on the site due to browser caching. Trapdoor spiders some in a range of colors from entirely black to gray, or reddish. My guess is that this might be a Ummidia aoudini.

  4. Can’t seem to identify this spider we saw at Kayak Point, near Camano Island in Washington state.
    Was just in the hiking trail, no web nearby that we could see.

  5. I’m not sure if this is a trapdoor, we found it dead on our patio. We live in eastern Washington state. Please let me know what you think. I’ve lived here my whole life and have never seen anything like this.

    1. Hello Stephanie, thanks for getting in touch! I am fairly certain that this is some type of trapdoor spider. It is (or was) definitely not medically significant.

  6. Spider found in kitchen of home.
    1. Spider was large, about 2-1/2 inches with legs spread out. Body almost 1 inch, I think. Shiny black legs with some hairs. Very long “palps” (?)–makes it look like it has 10 legs. Slow moving indoors, but when I released it outside scampered away quickly.
    2. Poway, CA (San Diego County)
    3. RFisher

  7. Found this guy in the freezing cold in my driveway on the way to warm the car to take my boy to school, brought him in got him a lamp and getting crickets before work if I can he was so cold he could barely move so till it gets warm lazo short for Lazarus will be here with me just wanted to share him and get any suggestions to make his stay comfortable !

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