Jumping Spiders of America North of Mexico

Worldwide, there are over 6,000 jumping spider species. In North America and Hawaii, 357 jumping spider species can be found (as of 2021). This article provides an overview of all these jumping spider species by genera that can be found in America north of Mexico.

Jumping spiders are a family of spiders with the ability to jump. Their scientific name is Salticidae. Jumping spiders don’t use muscles in their legs to jump. Instead, they suddenly increase the blood flow to their rear legs. This sudden increase propels the spiders forward. A juvenile Hypaeus jumping spider was observed jumping over 10 inches (25 cm) on a horizontal surface. That was more than 45 times its body length.

In 2015, the taxonomy in the family Salticidae was significantly simplified. Today, the family consists of seven subfamilies. In the United States and Canada, only two of the seven jumping spider subfamilies occur: Lyssomaninae and Salticinae. Worldwide, over 90% of all jumping spider species belong to the subfamily Salticinae.

Lyssomaninae

Lyssomanes

Jumping spiders of the genus Lyssomanes can be found throughout the warm regions of the Americas. In the United States, only one species, Lyssomanes viridis, the magnolia green jumper, can be found. Lyssomanes are often green or yellow long-legged spiders with translucent bodies.

Lyssomanes Viridis – Magnolia Green Jumper

Lyssomanes viridis, commonly called magnolia green jumper, is a small bright green jumping spider that can be found in the Southeastern United States and Mexico. Magnolia Green Jumping Spider Description The body and legs of the magnolia jumper have a bright green color that may even appear slightly translucent at times. An adult spider has around eight brown or black dots on its abdomen - sometimes they are small and ...
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Salticinae

The subfamily Salticinae is the largest jumping spider subfamily with over 90% of all jumpers. Apart from the magnolia green jumper, all jumping spiders found in the United States are part of the Salticinae subfamily. The subfamily itself is divided into two clades (Amycoida and Salticoida).

Clade Amycoida

Attinella

Adult_male_Attinella_concolor_dorsal
Attinella concolor. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Attulus

Sitticus floricola jumping spider in North america
Sitticus floricola. Photo Wikimedia Commons

Colonus

Colonus is a genus of jumping spiders found throughout the Americas. All species have spines on the inner sides of their legs. The function of these is still unknown.

Colonus puerperus USA top view
Colonus puerperus. Photo: Wikipedia

Hyetussa

Sarinda

Sarinda hentzi photo from top jumping spider
Sarinda hentzi. Photo: Wikipedia

Sittisax

  • Sittisax ranieri (Peckham & Peckham, 1909)

Synemosyna

Synemosyna_petrunkevitchi_jumping spider
Synemosyna petrunkevitchi ant mimicking jumping spider. Photo: Wikipedia

Synemosyna are a genus of ant mimicking jumping spiders found throughout the Americas. Two species are found in the United States:

Tomis

  • Tomis welchi (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) (syn. Sitticus welchi)

Clade Salticoida

Admestina

Admestina jumping spider north america
An Admestina jumping spider in North America. Photo: Wikipedia

Admestina is a genus of jumping spiders that is endmeic to North America. The spiders are mostly found in forests and have a flat cephalothorax which is believed to help them hide in crevasses. The three species of the genus are all found in the United States:

Anasaitis

Anasaitis caonsa jumping spiders in the USA
Anasaitis caonsa. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Attidops

Bagheera

Baheera prosper
Baheera prosper. Photo: Wikipedia

Beata

Adult male beata sp jumping spider
An adult male Beata sp. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

The genus Beata contains 21 jumping spider species found throughout America. Only one of the species is found in the United States:

Bellota

A male Bellota sp. jumper. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
  • Bellota micans Peckham & Peckham, 1909 
  • Bellota wheeleri Peckham & Peckham, 1909

Chalcoscirtus

Adult_female_Chalcoscirtus_diminutus_face
An adult female Chalcoscirtus diminutus. Photo: Wikipedia
  • Chalcoscirtus carbonarius Emerton, 1917 
  • Chalcoscirtus diminutus (Banks, 1896)
  • Chalcoscirtus glacialis Caporiacco, 1935 – (Alaska)

Cheliferoides

Cheliferoides_longimanus spider
Cheliferoides longimanus. Photo: Wikipedia

Cheliferoides are jumping spiders with a strong and thick leg of front pairs resembling a scorpion. There are three species in this genus that can all be found in the United States.

Chinattus

Chinattus parvulus female
Chinattus parvulus female. Photo: Wikipedia

Corythalia

Corythalia jumping spider
A Corythalia jumping spider. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

The genus Corythalia is a genus of jumping spiders found throughout the Americas. Of the 29 species in the genus, 2 are found in North America:

  • C. conspecta (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) 
  • C. opima (Peckham & Peckham, 1885) 

Dendryphantes

Spiders of the genus Dendryphantes can be found throughout the world. Only one of the 69 species occurs in North America:

  • Dendryphantes nigromaculatus (Keyserling, 1885)

Epocilla (only in Hawaii)

Epocilla calcarata jumping spider on leaf in Hawaii
Epocilla calcarata. Source: Wikimedia Commons
  • Epocilla calcarata (Karsch, 1880) – Introduced to Hawaii from Asia

Evarcha

Evarcha hoyi brown jumping spider USA
A brown Evarcha hoyi jumping spider- Photo: Wikipedia

Eyuophrys

Eris

Eris jumping spider image closeup
A closeup shot of an Eris jumping spider. Photo: Wikipedia

Ghelna

  • Ghelna barrowsi (Kaston, 1973) 
  • Ghelna canadensis (Banks, 1897) 
  • Ghelna castanea (Hentz, 1846)
  • Ghelna sexmaculata (Banks, 1895) 

Habronnatus

Habronattus americanus male Idaho red palps colored jumping spider USA
The colorful red palps and legs of Habronatus americanus. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Habronatus is a genus of jumping spiders found throughout the Americas with 106 recognized species. 72 of the species are found in the United States and/or Canada. Spiders of the genus Habronatus are commonly referred to as paradise spiders due to their colorful ornaments and mating dances that resembles the appearance and behavior of birds of paradise.

Hakka

Hakka_himeshimensis
Hakka himenshimensis. Photo: Wikipedia

The genus Hakka contains only one species. Hakka himeshimensis is a species native in eastern Asia but has been introduced to the continental United States and Hawaii.

Hasarius

Havaika (Hawaii)

Havaika jumping spider male
A Havaika jumping spider male. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Jumping spiders of the genus Havaika occur on the Hawaiian and Marquesas Islands. They are mostly dark. Due to the drastic reduction in biodiversity on the Hawaiian Islands pver the last decades, some of the species may already be extinct. The following species are recognized:

  • Havaika albociliata (Simon, 1900) 
  • Havaika c­anosa (Simon, 1900)
  • Havaika cruciata (Simon, 1900) 
  • Havaika jamiesoni Prószyński, 2002 
  • Havaika pubens (Simon, 1900) 
  • Havaika navata (Simon, 1900) 
  • Havaika senicula (Simon, 1900) 
  • Havaika valida (Simon, 1900)
  • Havaika verecunda (Simon, 1900) 
  • Havaika arnedoi Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika beattyi Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika berlandi Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika berryorum Prószynski, 2008
  • Havaika ciliata Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika gillespieae Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika gressitti Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika kahiliensis Prószynski, 2008 
  • Havaika kauaiensis Prószynski, 2008
  • Havaika kraussi Prószynski, 2008
  • Havaika mananensis Prószynski, 2008
  • Havaika mauiensis Prószynski, 2008
  • Havaika oceanica Prószynski, 2008
  • Havaika tantalensis Prószynski, 2008 

Hentzia

Of the 22 species in the Hentzia genus, 7 occur in North America, north of Mexico. Spiders of the genus Hentzia are mostly brown colored with a long, thin abdomen and long and thick front legs.

A male Hentzia mitrata brown jumping spider
A male Hentzia mitrata brown jumping spider. Photo: Wikipedia

Leptofreya

Leptofreya_ambigua_jumper
Leptofreya ambigua. Photo: Wikipedia

The genus Leptofreya consists of 4 species. L. ambigua has been introduced to the Southern United States from the northern Amazonas region.

  • Leptofreya ambigua (C. L. Koch, 1846) 

Maevia

Maevia inclemens jumping spider
Maevia inclemens – the dimorphic jumper
  • Maevia expansa Barnes, 1955 
  • Maevia inclemens (Walckenaer, 1837) 
  • Maevia intermedia Barnes, 1955 

Marchena

The genus Marchena only contains a single species: Marchena minuta. A jumping spider that can be found in the Western United States from Washington through California and Nevada.

  • Marchena minuta (Peckham & Peckham, 1888)

Marpissa

Marpissa_lineata
Marpissa lineata. Photo: Wikipedia

Menemerus

Menemerus Bivittatus - Grey Wall Jumper

Menemerus is a genus of jumping spiders originally from the warm regions of the African and Asian continent. Two species have been introduced to North America and have established viable populations on the continent:

Messua

Metacyrba

Metaphidippus

Metaphidippus_manni
Metaphidippus manni. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Mexigonus

Mexigonus minutus in California jumping spider
Mexigonus minutus in California. Photo: Wikipedia

Myrmarachne

  • M. albocincta (C. L. Koch, 1846) 
  • M. formicaria (De Geer, 1778) Introduced to USA from Central Asia

Naphrys

Naphrys pulex in Tennessee
Naphrys pulex found in Tennessee. Photo: Wikipedia

Neon

Neonella

  • Neonella camillae Edwards, 2003 
  • Neonella vinnula Gertsch, 1936 

Paradamoetas

  • Paradamoetas fontanus (Levi, 1951) 
  • Paradamoetas formicinus Peckham & Peckham, 1885 

Peramaevia

Paramaevia_hobbsae_female
A female Paramaevia hobbsae in South Carolina. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Paramarpissa

  • Paramarpissa albopilosa (Banks, 1902) 
  • Paramarpissa griswoldi Logunov & Cutler, 1999
  • Paramarpissa piratica (Peckham & Peckham, 1888)

Paraphidippus

Paraphidippus aurantius - the Grandpa Jumping Spider
Paraphidippus aurantius – the Grandpa Jumping Spider. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Peckhamia

Pelegrina

Pelegrina_aeneola_female
Pelegrina aeneola female. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
  • Pelegrina aeneola (Curtis, 1892) 
  • Pelegrina arizonensis (Peckham & Peckham, 1901)
  • Pelegrina balia Maddison, 1996
  • Pelegrina bunites Maddison, 1996
  • Pelegrina chaimona Maddison, 1996 
  • Pelegrina chalceola Maddison, 1996 
  • Pelegrina clemata (Levi, 1951) 
  • Pelegrina dithalea Maddison, 1996
  • Pelegrina exigua (Banks, 1892) 
  • Pelegrina flaviceps (Kaston, 1973) 
  • Pelegrina flavipes (Peckham & Peckham, 1888)
  • Pelegrina furcata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)
  • Pelegrina galathea (Walckenaer, 1837)
  • Pelegrina helenae (Banks, 1921)
  • Pelegrina huachuca Maddison, 1996 
  • Pelegrina insignis (Banks, 1892)
  • Pelegrina kastoni Maddison, 1996 
  • Pelegrina montana (Emerton, 1891)
  • Pelegrina orestes Maddison, 1996 
  • Pelegrina peckhamorum (Kaston, 1973)
  • Pelegrina pervaga (Peckham & Peckham, 1909) 
  • Pelegrina proterva (Walckenaer, 1837) 
  • Pelegrina sabinema Maddison, 1996
  • Pelegrina tillandsiae (Kaston, 1973) 
  • Pelegrina tristis Maddison, 1996 
  • Pelegrina verecunda (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1930) 

Pellenes

Pellenes peninsularis in Minnesota
Pellenes peninsularis in Minnesota. Photo: Wikipedia
  • P. apacheus Lowrie & Gertsch, 1955 
  • P. canadensis Maddison, 2017
  • P. crandalli Lowrie & Gertsch, 1955
  • P. grammaticus Chamberlin, 1925 
  • P. ignifrons (Grube, 1861) 
  • P. lapponicus (Sundevall, 1833) 
  • P. levii Lowrie & Gertsch, 1955 
  • P. limatus Peckham & Peckham, 1901
  • P. longimanus Emerton, 1913 
  • P. peninsularis Emerton, 1925
  • P. shoshonensis Gertsch, 1934 
  • P. washonus Lowrie & Gertsch, 1955 

Phanias

Phanias albeolus jumping spider
Phanias albeolus jumping spider. Photo: Wiki
  • Phanias albeolus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941) 
  • Phanias concoloratus (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1930) 
  • Phanias dominatus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941) 
  • Phanias furcifer (Gertsch, 1936)
  • Phanias harfordi (Peckham & Peckham, 1888)
  • Phanias monticola (Banks, 1895)
  • Phanias neomexicanus (Banks, 1901) 
  • Phanias watonus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941) 

Phidippus

Phidippus audax - Daring Jumping Spider
Phidippus audax – The Daring Jumping Spider

Phintelloides

  • Phintelloides versicolor (C. L. Koch, 1846) 

Phlegra

Platycryptus

Adult_male_Platycryptus_arizonensis_found in Arizona
An adult male Platycryptus arizonensis found in Arizona. Photo: Wikipedia

Plexippus

Plexippus paykulli (Audouin, 1826) – Introduced to the Americas from Africa

Poultonella

Pseudeuophrys

Rhetenor

Salticus

Salticus Scenicus - Zebra Jumping Spider
Salticus Scenicus – Zebra Jumping Spider

Sassacus

Sibianor

  • Sibianor aemulus (Gertsch, 1934)

Synageles

Synageles is a genus of jumping spiders mimicking the appearance of ants.

Synageles_bishopi
Synageles bishopi. Photo: Wikipedia

Talavera

Terralonus

Terralonus californicus
The perfect disguise of Terralonus californicus in sand. Photo: Wikipedia
  • Terralonus banksi (Roewer, 1951) 
  • Terralonus californicus (Peckham & Peckham, 1888) 
  • Terralonus fraternus (Banks, 1932) 
  • Terralonus mylothrus (Chamberlin, 1925) 
  • Terralonus shaferi (Gertsch & Riechert, 1976)
  • Terralonus unicus (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1930) 
  • Terralonus versicolor (Peckham & Peckham, 1909) 

Thiania (Hawaii)

  • Thiania suboppressa Strand, 1907 – Introduced to Hawaii from Asia

Tutelina

Zygoballus

Zygoballus_nervosus_male
A male Zygoballus nervosus. Photo: Wiki
Jumping Spiders of America North of Mexico

8 thoughts on “Jumping Spiders of America North of Mexico

  1. Some sort of jumping spider, never seen one that looks like this. I’m in Gresham Oregon, Little guy was hanging out next to my trash can inside my house.

  2. i am wondering what kind of jumping spider this is? i am in washington, and it doesnt seem to match the species in my state

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