Phidippus Regius – Regal Jumping Spider

Phidippus regius, the regal jumping spider, is one the largest species of the jumping spiders of the Phidippus genera. It occurs mostly in the Southeastern United States as well as the Caribbean and the Easter Islands. The largest share of its population can be found in the state of Florida.

Description of the Regal Jumping Spider

The regal jumping spider comes in three different appearances.

The male is always black with whits bands around its legs. On its back, there are usually three white spots and a white stripe around the top of its abdomen. The male can often be confused with the similar looking Daring Jumping Spider. If the spots on the back of the abdomen are orange, it is most likely a daring jumping spider.

Male Regal jumping spider
The male reagl jumping spider. Photo: Wikipedia

The female comes in two appearances that are easier to identify.

The grey form of the female is mostly grey with some black bands on its legs and markings on the abdomen.

Phidippus Regius - Regal Jumping Spider female grey
The grey form of the female Phidippus regius spotted by Richard in Francfort, Kentucky

The orange form female has an orange-colored abdomen and cephalothorax while the legs look similar of the grey form female.

Regal jumping spider orange form female in florida
The orange form of the female regal jumping spider. Photo: Wikipedia

Size

The average females reaches a body size of 0.6 inches (15mm) and can grow up to 0.9 inches (22mm). Males are slightly smaller and can reach a size of up to 0.7 inches (18mm).

Web

As other jumping spider species, the regal jumping spider is a hunting spider and does not spin a web to catch prey. They only time they build a web is before a long or deep jump. With this “safety line”, their fall will end softly, if something goes wrong with the jump

Bites

As other jumping spiders, the regal spider usually runs away to hide rather than attack a human. While there are cases where people get bit, the bites are not a medical concern. They usually cause some local pain and swelling. At worst, it may lead to a mild headache and nausea which will pass.

Scientific Classification of Phidippus regius

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Infraorder: Araneomorphae
  • Family: Salticidae
  • Genus: Phidippus
  • Species: Phidippus regius

Distribution of the Regal Jumping Spider in the USA

The regal jumping spider can be found in the Southeastern United States, most often in Florida and in these states: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia.

Phidippus Regius – Regal Jumping Spider

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