Leucauge venusta – Orchard Spider

Leucauge venusta, commonly called orchard spider is an orb weaver spider that can be found in the Eastern US states, Canada and Central America. Unlike many other orb weavers, the orchard spider is a very colorful spider.

Leucauge venusta Colorful orchard spider
The colorful orchard spider. Photo: Jennifer Wolf – Berrien Springs, Michigan

Orchard spider description

The abdomen is elongated and is silvery or white with colored markings. Those markings can be Green, Yellow, Black, Orange, and sometimes pink spots. The Cephalothorax is a light green/yellow with brown stripes on the sides. The legs are a bright leafy green.

Check out this video of an orchard spider catching a carpenter ant in its web:

Size

The fenales body will grow to just under 5/16” (7mm) and if the legs are included it can reach nearly ¾” (19mm).

Leugauge venusta orchard spider with web and prey seen from bottom
An orchard spider from below with prey in its web. Photo: Anne from Fairfax, Virginia

Orchard Spider Bite

The bite of the entire orb weaver family of spiders is not dangerous for humans. The orchard spider is a rather timid spider and will not attack unless it feels threatened. In the rare occasion where bite happens, it might lead to minor swellings or discomfort.

Scientific Classification of Leucauge venusta

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Infraorder: Araneomorphae
  • Family: Tetragnathidae
  • Genus: Leucauge
  • Species: Leucauge venusta

Common Names

Orchard orb weaver, orchard spider.

Distribution of the Orchard Spider in the USA

The Orchard Orb Weaver occurs in states along the East Coast into Central US: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin.

Leucauge venusta – Orchard Spider

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